Researchers are not sure what causes ADHD, but suspect the role of genes, cigarette smoking, alcohol use, drug use or environmental toxins during pregnancy, low birth rate, brain injury etc. 

Remedial therapies and treatments include stimulant and non stimulant medication, psychotherapy, psychosocial interventions and behavior therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy like meditation, behavioral parent management training, family and marital therapy, specific behavioral classroom management interventions, stress management therapies and support of a support group. 

My recommendations for parents and teachers to help ADHD children to stay organized and follow their directions are –

  • Observe a through the day routine and a schedule. Include time for homework, play, and daily chores. Keep the typed schedule in a place which is easily noticeable. 
  • Use homework and notebook organizers. Ensure that the child writes down assignments in school and brings home the necessary books and stationary.
  • Teach children to take baby steps, before taking complete tasks at hand. This will provide them satisfaction for achieving their goals and thus further motivate them to achieve and succeed. 
  • Assign a special place for him/her to put their things.
  • Always be clear and consistent with the children. They should not get confusing signals.  
  • Always praise or reward them when rules are followed. They do not like criticism, which they often get. 

The highest reward for a person’s toil is not what they get for it but what they become by it. – John Ruskin1